William Godwin's Diary


Uprising in the small duchy of Modena, inspired by the July revolution in France and hoping for Louis-Philippe’s support. However, that support was not forthcoming and Metternich’s Austrian troops helped to restore Duke Francis IV.

See Charles Breunig and Matthew Levinger, The Revolutionary Era, 1789-1840, 3rd edn (New York and London: Norton, 2002), p. 249.